Section III - Retrieving Your Messages
To retrieve messages, press I (for "Folder INDEX"). When you first start pine,
the current folder will be your default mail folder (more commonly called your
INBOX). Here's what the FOLDER INDEX screen looks like:
FIGURE 2: The FOLDER INDEX Screen
You can use the arrow keys to move up and down the list, and then press
Return to view the message. The FOLDER INDEX screen has a few more items than
other screens, so we'll go over each in turn. You should already be familiar with
the first line of the screen (the Title Line) and the last three lines of the
screen (the Notification Line and the Keyboard Commands). The rest of the lines
are devoted to showing pertinent information about each message. Each line of
text is a one line summary of an actual message. From left to right, the layout
of each message is as follows.
- Personal Marker
The "+" sign in the first column indicates the message was directed
specifically to you. In this case, the messages marked with a "+" were addressed
directly to email@example.com. The other messages (the ones that do not have the
"+" marker) might have been addressed to mailing lists or to address book groups
of which this user is a member.
This is just the number of the message. Although this can be configured,
most people will have their messages numbered in the order in which they were
Message Status Flag
There are four message status flags. Each indicates the current status of
N New Message
This flag indicates that you have not seen a message.
This flag appears after you have used the R command to reply to a message.
(See next Section on the Reply command.)
D Deleted Message
This flag appears when you have deleted a message either by explicitly
deleting it, or by saving the message to another folder. (See next Section on
Deleting and Saving messages.)
This flag means a message has been deemed important. It must be explicitly
set by the user.
The first three flags will be automatically updated as you read and send your
When the message was sent
Who sent the message
The number of characters (bytes) in the message
The subject of the message
There are many operations that you can perform on your messages. Here are a few.
- View (V)
You can view the message by either typing V or by pressing Return
when you have selected the message you want to see. See the next section about
using the MESSAGE TEXT Screen.
You can delete the current message with the D key command. This
will mark the message to be deleted but will not actually remove it until you
either expunge it with the X command or quit Pine. If you change your mind
and don't want to delete the message, you can use the U key command to
undelete it. Beware: If you do quit pine and/or expunge your messages, they are
gone for good. You can't get them back.
This will save a copy of the message into the folder of your choice. If
you don't specify which folder, Pine will use saved-messages. The feature of
specifying folders allows you to save messages employing any criteria you wish
(from a certain user, about a certain subject, etc.). You will notice that the
message gets marked for deletion. Don't worry; by that time a copy of your message
has already been saved in the intended folder.
This command allows you to reply to the original author. It's useful when
discussing topics via e-mail. Pine will ask if you want to include the original
message in your reply. It is a often good idea to re-transmit relevant portions of
the text, perhaps using the editor to intersperse your text in the original
message. As general e-mail etiquette, delete any non-relevant portions of the text.
You can forward the message to another person or persons using the
F command. Use this if you feel that the message should be looked at by
This command is subtly different from the Save command. It allows copying
the message into a directory other than your mail directory. Use this command if
you want to use the message outside of pine, or if you want to reduce the number
of mail headers that preface the message. An exported message is not marked for
The Print command will print your whole message to a printer.
There are more commands that you can use. At the FOLDER INDEX Screen,
press ? to see the Help Screen.
Pine will check to see if you have new mail every two and a half minutes.
If you want to check for new mail right NOW, press ^L (Ctrl-L). This will
refresh your screen as well.
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