Pine is an easy to use, character based mail client. It supports full screen editing of messages, binary attachments (such as GIF or ZIP files), and other advanced message system features that were not possible using older electronic mail clients.
Functionally, most mailers have the same basic capabilities (reading, creating, sending, and managing mail). Pine's features include the following:
Pine allows full screen reading and editing of messages. For example, you can make corrections in your message while you write it, and you can scroll up and down through a message while you are reading it.
One of Pine's strong points is that it will not perform any major action without asking you first. This helps prevent accidental deletions of messages, overwriting of files, etc. There's almost always a chance to turn back and think things over.
For every screen and menu, Pine has a help command that lists the commands available in that screen, with comments and explanations.
Pine has a feature (known as MIME encoding) for sending binary files along with your message. If your correspondent also has MIME capability, you can transmit, for example, a graphics file or a formatted word processor document via mail.
Pine can store Internet mail addresses in an address book. This allows you only to have to remember short nicknames for people you mail often. See Section VII for more about address books.
The FOLDER INDEX screen (cf. Section III) allows you to browse through your messages. For instance, you can skim past some messages and read the most important ones first.
From within Pine, you can print your messages on any networked printer accessible to Helix's lpr command. Many Macintosh and PC users are able to print to an attached desktop printer as well.
Pine allows you to save your messages into folders, which you can open at a later time. This allows you to "sort" your mail into different folders.
To run Pine, at the helix% prompt just type pine.
Once you start pine, you will notice a few characteristics that are consistent throughout the program. Let's go over some of these.
There are four informational lines on the screen that will have the same format regardless of which screen you are viewing. The lines are:
Keyboard Commands have two forms. The first form is a one-letter abbreviation of the action itself. This form is found in all of the menus except the COMPOSE MESSAGE screen.
The second form is found in the COMPOSE MESSAGE screen. Since all the characters on the keyboard are reserved for typing the message, the commands are invoked by a combination of keys, one of which is the Control key (often labeled Ctrl). That is, the command is performed by holding down the Control key and pressing the appropriate secondary key simultaneously.
Usually, the Keyboard Command is the first letter of the corresponding action. For example,
Sometimes two or more actions have the same first letter, as, for example, "Previous Command" and "Print." Therefore, some keyboard commands cannot represent the first letter of the corresponding actions.
The Pine e-mail client program is copyright 1989-1994 University of Washington. Pine is a trademark of the University of Washington.
This document was subsequently modified for use on systems administered by the High Performance Scientific Computing Section, DCRT, National Institutes of Health. This is the HPSCS version.
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